# Shortcut Method for Mean (Explained with Examples)

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The shortcut method is a method that allows us to significantly reduce our calculations when finding the mean of the distribution.

Suppose that we are given a frequency distribution with data values xi and frequencies fi respectively. Then the mean can be calculated by the usual method by the formula,

Mean = ∑fixi / ∑fi.

The quantity in the numerator can become very large making our calculations long and tedious. In such cases, we can shorten our calculations by applying the shortcut method which we explain below.

### Shortcut Method for Mean Formula:

The formula to calculate the mean via the shortcut method is given as,

Mean = A + ∑fidi/∑fi.

• Here xi represents the data values with frequencies fi respectively.
• The number A is the assumed mean. It is a random data value chosen by the person doing the calculation. It is usually chosen to be the smallest or middlemost data value.
• The values di represent the difference between the actual data values and the assumed mean. We have that di = xi – A.

### Procedure to Apply Shortcut Method to Find Mean:

1. If the distribution is grouped, then find the class midpoint for intervals. The class midpoints will be our xi values in this case.
2. Choose a random number as the assumed mean. It is usually taken to be the smallest or the middlemost data value.
3. Subtract the value of A from the xi‘s.
4. Calculate the assumed mean by applying the formula.

#### Example 1:

We can find the mean of the following frequency distribution by shortcut method as follows,

Let us take the assumed mean to be the smallest value, A = 100. Note that we are free to take any other value as the assumed mean.

The mean can now be calculated by the formula,

Mean = A + ∑fidi/∑fi.

Mean =100 + 1300/24 = 100 + 54.1667 = 154.1667.

#### Example 2:

Consider the following grouped frequency distribution,

We first find the class marks (xi) by taking the midpoints of the class intervals.

Let us take the assumed mean to be the middlemost value, A = 35.

The mean can now be calculated by the formula,

Mean = A + ∑fidi/∑fi

Mean =35 + (-40)/15 = 35 – 2.1667 = 32.3333.

Summary
Article Name
Shortcut Method for Mean (Explained with Examples)
Description
The shortcut method is a method that allows us to significantly reduce our calculations when finding the mean of the distribution.